6

Students those who are studying JNTUK R16 Mechanical Branch, Can Download Unit wise R16 3-2 Heat Transfer Material/Notes PDFs below.

OBJECTIVES:

• This course is intended to impart knowledge of principles of heat transfer and analyze the heat exchange process in various modes for the evaluation of rate of heat transfer and the temperature distribution in different configurations.

UNIT-1

INTRODUCTION: Modes and mechanisms of heat transfer – basic laws of heat transfer –General discussion about applications of heat transfer.

CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER: Fourier rate equation – general heat conduction equation in cartesian, cylindrical and Spherical coordinates. Steady, unsteady and periodic heat transfer – initial and boundary conditions.

ONE DIMENSIONAL STEADY STATE CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER: Homogeneous slabs, hollow cylinders and spheres – overall heat transfer coefficient – electrical analogy – critical radius of insulationVariable thermal conductivity – systems with heat sources or heat generation

UNIT-2

extended surface (fins) heat Transfer – long fin, fin with insulated tip and short fin, application to error measurement of temperature.

ONE DIMENSIONAL TRANSIENT CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER: Systems with negligible internal resistance – significance of biot and fourier numbers – chart solutions of transient conduction systems

UNIT-3

CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER: Classification of convective heat transfer – dimensional analysis as a tool for experimental investigation – Buckingham Pi Theorem for forced and free convection, application for developing semi – empirical non- dimensional correlation for convective heat transfer – Significance of nondimensional numbers – concepts of continuity, momentum and Energy Equations.

UNIT-4

FORCED CONVECTION EXTERNAL FLOWS: Concepts about hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layer and use of empirical correlations for convective heat transfer -flat plates and cylinders.

INTERNAL FLOWS: Concepts about hydrodynamic and thermal entry lengths – division of internal flow based on this –use of empirical relations for horizontal pipe flow and annulus flow.

FREE CONVECTION: Development of hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layer along a vertical plate – use of empirical relations for vertical plates and pipes.

UNIT-5

HEAT TRANSFER WITH PHASE CHANGE BOILING: Pool boiling – regimes- calculations on nucleate boiling, critical heat flux and film boiling.

CONDENSATION: Film wise and drop wise condensation –Nusselt’s theory of condensation on a vertical plate – film condensation on vertical and horizontal cylinders using empirical correlations.

HEAT EXCHANGERS: Classification of heat exchangers – overall heat transfer coefficient and fouling factor – concepts of LMTD and NTU methods – Problems.

UNIT-6

RADIATION HEAT TRANSFER: Emission characteristics and laws of black-body radiation – Irradiation – total and monochromatic quantities – laws of Planck, Wien, Kirchoff, Lambert, Stefan and Boltzmann– heat exchange between two black bodies – concepts of shape factor – Emissivity – heat exchange between grey bodies – radiation shields – electrical analogy for radiation networks

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Heat Transfer /JP HOLMAN/TMH
2. Heat Transfer /P.K.Nag/ TMH
3. Principles of Heat Transfer /Frank Kreith, RM Manglik & MS Bohn/Cengage learning publishers

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Heat and Mass Transfer /Arora and Domkundwar/Dhanpatrai & sons
2. Fundamentals of Engg. Heat and Mass Transfer / R.C.Sachdeva / New Age International
3. Heat and Mass Transfer /Cengel/McGraw Hill.
4. Heat and Mass Transfer /D.S.Kumar / S.K.Kataria & Sons
5. A Text book on Heat Transfer-4th Edition/ S.P Sukhatme/Universities Press

OUTCOMES:

• The student after undergoing this course is expected to know the principles of heat transfer and be able to apply to practical situations where in heat exchange takes place through various modes of heat transfer including phase change.