JNTUK R16 4-1 Environmental Engineering-2 Material PDF Download


JNTUK R16 4-1 Environmental Engineering-2 Material PDF Download

Students those who are studying JNTUK R16 Civil Branch, Can Download Unit wise R16 4-1 Environmental Engineering – II Material/Notes PDFs below.


JNTUK R16 4-1 Environmental Engineering-2 Material PDF Download


  • Outline planning and the design of wastewater collection, conveyance and treatment systems for a community/town/city
  • Provide knowledge of characterisation of wastewater generated in a community
  • Impart understanding of treatment of sewage and the need for its treatment.
  • Summarize the appurtenance in sewerage systems and their necessity
  • Teach planning, and design of septic tank and imhoff tank and the disposal of the effluent from these low cost treatment systems
  • Effluent disposal method and realise the importance of regulations in the disposal of effluents in rivers


Introduction to Sanitation – Systems of sanitation – relative merits & demerits – collection and conveyance of waste water – sewerage – classification of sewerage systems- Estimation of sewage flow and storm water drainage – fluctuations – types of sewers – Hydraulics of sewers and storm drains– design of sewers – appurtenances in sewerage – cleaning and ventilation of sewers

Download UNIT-1 Material PDF | Reference-2 | Ref-3


Pumping of wastewater: Pumping stations – location – components– types of pumps and their suitability with regard to wastewaters. House Plumbing: Systems of plumbing-sanitary fittings and other accessories– one pipe and two pipe systems – Design of building drainage

Download UNIT-2 Material PDF | Reference-2


Sewage characteristics – Sampling and analysis of wastewater – Physical, Chemical and Biological Examination-Measurement of BOD and COD – BOD equations Treatment of sewage: Primary treatment-Screens-grit chambers-grease traps– floatation– sedimentation – design of preliminary and primary treatment units.

Download UNIT-3 Material PDF | Reference-2


Secondary treatment: Aerobic and anaerobic treatment processcomparison. Suspended growth process: Activated Sludge Process, principles, designs, and operational problems, modifications of Activated Sludge Processes, Oxidation ponds, Aerated Lagoons. Attached Growth Process: Trickling Filters–mechanism of impurities removal- classification–design-operation and maintenance problems. RBCs, Fluidized bed reactors

Download UNIT-4 Material PDF | Reference-2 | Ref-3


Miscellaneous Treatment Methods: Nitrification and Denitrification – Removal of Phosphates –UASB–Membrane reactors-Integrated fixed film reactors. Anaerobic Processes: Septic Tanks and Imhoff tanks- working Principles and Design–Reuse and disposal of septic tank effluent, FAB Reactors.

Download UNIT-5 Material PDF | Reference-2


Bio-solids (Sludge) management: Characteristics-SVI, handling and treatment of sludge-thickening – anaerobic digestion of sludge, Sludge Drying Beds. Centrifuge. Disposal of sewage: Methods of disposal – disposal into water bodies-Oxygen Sag Curve-Disposal into sea, disposal on land- sewage sickness.

Download UNIT-6 Material PDF | Reference-2


  1. Wastewater Engineering Treatment and Reuse, Metcalf & Eddy, Tata McGraw-Hill edition.
  2. Industrial Water and Wastewater Management, K.V.S.G. Murali Krishna.
  3. Elements of Environmental Engineering, K. N. Duggal, S. Chand & Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2012


  1. Environmental Engineering, Howard S. Peavy, Donald R. Rowe, Teorge George Tchobanoglus – Mc-Graw-Hill Book Company, New Delhi, 1985
  2. Wastewater Treatment for Pollution Control and Reuse, Soli. J Arceivala, Sham R Asolekar, Mc-GrawHill, NewDelhi; 3rd Edition
  3. Environmental Engineering –II: Sewage disposal and Air Pollution Engineering, Garg, S. K., Khanna Publishers
  4. Sewage treatment and disposal, P. N. Modi & Sethi.
  5. Environmental Engineering, Ruth F. Weiner and Robin Matthews – 4th Edition Elsevier, 2003
  6. Environmental Engineering, D. Srinivasan, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi, 2011.


  • Plan and design the sewerage systems
  • Select the appropriate appurtenances in the sewerage systems
  • Analyze sewage and suggest and design suitable treatment system for sewage treatment
  • Identify the critical point of pollution in a river for a specific amount of pollutant disposal into the river
  • Suggest a suitable disposal method with respect to effluent standards.

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