JNTUK R19 2-2 Database Management Systems Material PDF Download


JNTUK R19 2-2 Database Management Systems Material PDF Download

Students those who are studying JNTUK R19 CSE Branch, Can Download Unit wise R19 2-2 Database Management Systems (DBMS) Material/Notes PDFs below.


JNTUK R19 2-2 Database Management Systems Material PDF Download


  • To introduce about database management systems
  • To give a good formal foundation on the relational model of data and usage of Relational Algebra
  • To introduce the concepts of basic SQL as a universal Database language
  • To demonstrate the principles behind systematic database design approaches by covering conceptual design, logical design through normalization
  • To provide an overview of physical design of a database system, by discussing Database indexing techniques and storage techniques


Introduction: Database system, Characteristics (Database Vs File System), Database Users(Actors on Scene, Workers behind the scene), Advantages of Database systems, Database applications. Brief introduction of different Data Models; Concepts of Schema, Instance and data independence; Three tier schema architecture for data independence; Database system structure, environment, Centralized and Client Server architecture for the database.

Download UNIT-1 Material PDF | Reference-2


Relational Model: Introduction to relational model, concepts of domain, attribute, tuple, relation, importance of null values, constraints (Domain, Key constraints, integrity constraints) and their importance

BASIC SQL: Simple Database schema, data types, table definitions (create, alter), different DML operations (insert, delete, update), basic SQL querying (select and project) using where clause, arithmetic & logical operations, SQL functions(Date and Time, Numeric, String conversion).

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Entity Relationship Model: Introduction, Representation of entities, attributes, entity set, relationship, relationship set, constraints, sub classes, super class, inheritance, specialization, generalization using ER Diagrams.

SQL: Creating tables with relationship, implementation of key and integrity constraints, nested queries, sub queries, grouping, aggregation, ordering, implementation of different types of joins, view(updatable and non-updatable), relational set operations.

Download UNIT-3 Material PDF | Reference-2


Schema Refinement (Normalization): Purpose of Normalization or schema refinement, concept of functional dependency, normal forms based on functional dependency(1NF, 2NF and 3 NF), concept of surrogate key, Boyce-codd normal form(BCNF), Lossless join and dependency preserving decomposition, Fourth normal form(4NF), Fifth Normal Form (5NF).

Download UNIT-4 Material PDF | Reference-2


Transaction Concept: Transaction State, Implementation of Atomicity and Durability, Concurrent Executions, Serializability, Recoverability, Implementation of Isolation, Testing for Serializability, Failure Classification, Storage, Recovery and Atomicity, Recovery algorithm.

Indexing Techniques: B+ Trees: Search, Insert, Delete algorithms, File Organization and Indexing, Cluster Indexes, Primary and Secondary Indexes , Index data Structures, Hash Based Indexing: Tree base Indexing, Comparison of File Organizations, Indexes and Performance Tuning

Download UNIT-5 Material PDF | Reference-2


1) Database Management Systems, 3/e, Raghurama Krishnan, Johannes Gehrke, TMH

2) Database System Concepts,5/e, Silberschatz, Korth, TMH


  1. Introduction to Database Systems, 8/e C J Date, PEA.
  2. Database Management System, 6/e Ramez Elmasri, Shamkant B. Navathe, PEA
  3. Database Principles Fundamentals of Design Implementation and Management, Corlos Coronel, Steven Morris, Peter Robb, Cengage Learning.




  • Describe a relational database and object-oriented database
  • Create, maintain and manipulate a relational database using SQL
  • Describe ER model and normalization for database design
  • Examine issues in data storage and query processing and can formulate appropriate solutions
  • Outline the role and issues in management of data such as efficiency, privacy, security, ethical responsibility, and strategic advantage

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