JNTUK R19 2-2 Kinematics of Machinery Material/Notes PDF Download


JNTUK R19 2-2 Kinematics of Machinery Material/Notes PDF Download

Students those who are studying JNTUK R19 Mechanical Branch, Can Download Unit wise R19 2-2 Kinematics of Machinery (KOM) Material/Notes PDFs below.


JNTUK R19 2-2 Kinematics of Machinery Material/Notes PDF Download

Course objective: The students completing this course are expected to understand the nature and role of the kinematics of machinery, mechanisms and machines. The course includes velocity and acceleration diagrams,analysis of mechanisms joints, Cams and their applications. It exposes the students to various kinds of power transmission devices like belt,rope , chain and gear drives and their working principles and their merits and demerits.


MECHANISMS : Elements or Links – Classification – Rigid Link, flexible and fluid link – Types of kinematic pairs – sliding, turning, rolling, screw and spherical pairs – lower and higher pairs – closed and open pairs – constrained motion – completely, partially or successfully constrained and incompletely constrained. Grashoff’s law , Degrees of freedom, Kutzbach criterian for planar mechanisms, Mechanism and machines – classification of machines – kinematic chain – inversion of mechanism – inversions of quadric cycle chain – single and double slider crank chains.

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LOWER PAIR MECHANISM: Exact and approximate copiers and generated types – Peaucellier, Hart and Scott Russul – Grasshopper – Watt T. Chebicheff and Robert Mechanisms and straight line motion, Pantograph. Conditions for correct steering – Davis Steering gear, Ackermans steering gear – velocity ratio; Hooke’s Joint: Single and double – Universal coupling–application–problems.

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KINEMATICS: Velocity and acceleration – Motion of a link in machine – Determination of Velocity and acceleration diagrams – Graphical method – Application of relative velocity method four bar chain. Velocity and acceleration analysis of for a given mechanism, Klein’s construction, determination of Coriolis component of acceleration. PLANE MOTION OF BODY: Instantaneous center of rotation, centroids and axodes – relative motion between two bodies – Three centres in line theorem – Graphical determination of instantaneous centre, diagrams for simple mechanisms and determination of angular velocity of points and links.

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CAMS: Definitions of cam and followers – their uses – Types of followers and cams – Terminology – Types of follower motion: Uniform velocity, Simple harmonic motion and uniform acceleration and retardation. Maximum velocity and maximum acceleration during outward and return strokes in the above 3 cases. Analysis of motion of followers: Roller follower – circular cam with straight, concave and convex flanks. BELT DRIVES: Introduction, Belt and rope drives, selection of belt drive- types of belt drives, V-belts, materials used for belt and rope drives, velocity ratio of belt drives, slip of belt, creep of belt, tensions for flat belt drive, angle of contact, centrifugal tension, maximum tension of belt, Chains- length, angular speed ratio, classification of chains.

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GEARS Higher pairs, friction wheels and toothed gears–types – law of gearing, condition for constant velocity ratio for transmission of motion, Form of teeth: cycloidal and involute profiles. Velocity of sliding – phenomena of interferences – Methods of interference. Condition for minimum number of teeth to avoid interference, expressions for arc of contact and path of contact – Introduction to Helical, Bevel and worm gearing.

GEAR TRAINS: Introduction to gear Trains, Train value, Types – Simple and reverted wheel train – Epicyclic gear Train. Methods of finding train value or velocity ratio – Epicyclic gear trains. Selection of gear box-Differential gear for an automobile.

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  1. Theory of Mechanisms & Machines by Jagadeesh lal, Metropolitan Pvt.Ltd.
  2. Theory of Machines by Thomas Bevan/ CBS Publishers


  1. Theory of Machines – S. S Rattan- TMH Publishers
  2. Theory of machines and Machinery-Vickers – Oxford .
  3. Theory of Mechanisms and machines – A.Ghosh & A.K.Malik – East West Press Pvt. Ltd.
  4. Kinematics and dynamics of Machinery- R.L Norton- TATA McGraw-Hill


  • CO1: Contrive a mechanism for a given plane motion with single degree of freedom.
  • CO2: Suggest and analyze a mechanism for a given straight line motion and automobile steering motion.
  • CO3: Analyze the motion (velocity and acceleration) of a plane mechanism.
  • CO4: Suggest and analyze mechanisms for a prescribed intermittent motion like opening and closing of IC engine valves etc.
  • CO5: Select a power transmission system for a given application and analyze motion of different transmission systems

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